The history of card games throughout the world has displayed many early roots of poker. Aside from the Chinese, the Europeans have shown signs of using playing cards as early as the 12th century. Persia has history of using what they called “Treasure Cards” following this time period in the 16th century. The Persians and the Italians were the first to show signs of gambling and ranked card playing within this same time period.
The Italian game called “Primero” was the first card game that was directly related to today’s modern game of poker. Primero dated back to the early 1500s and is sometimes called “pokers mother”. This game provided each player with 3 to 4 cards, card values, and the ability to bet and bluff to complete each hand. The French game “Porque” and the German game “Pochen” where both created from Primero modifications. Primero was brought to Canada by French-Canadian settlers and was brought down through the Mississippi River to what is now the United States of America. This is around the time in which Primero was given the name and classification as the “Cheating Game”. Over time the games have been adjusted again and again which has developed the great game of poker.
More modern day poker first started appearing back in the 1800s where it grew steadily popular during America’s civil war. It was widely popular within different branches of the military as well as within saloons. During the “Wild West” period poker could be found in most saloons throughout the USA.
Today there are many variations of poker including the most recent spark which is called Texas Hold’em. This style of poker has broken records as far as commercial and public attention to world tournaments and has also fueled the growth of the biggest card game on earth.